The agency, using figures from the IES, said China’s rise in use was the 12th straight year of consumption growth for the country.
Use grew by 325 million tons that year, 87% of the 374Mt increase realized worldwide.
China also accounted for 2.3 billion tons of the 2.9Bt in coal demand growth worldwide since 2000, or 82%.
“China now accounts for 47% of global coal consumption – almost as much as the entire rest of the world combined,” the EIA said.
Much of the country’s increase has been driven by a rise of more than 200% in electric generation since 2000, which has been mainly supplied with coal.
According to the agency, the trend is not new as China's coal demand growth averaged 9% annually between 2000 and 2010.
The jump is more than double the global growth rate of 4% and also significantly higher than global growth excluding China, which averaged 1%.