The mines currently produce 117.5 million tonnes a year.
Old and depleting mines will be the first to go.
The government will also consolidate production from operations in remote areas, including the vast northwestern regions of Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang.
Meanwhile, China aims to increase its share of renewable energy consumption to 10.7% in 2014.
The current closures are nothing new to China.
In 2012 alone, Beijing shuttered 628 medium-sized coal mines, improved technological procedures of 622 mines, merged 388 mines and phased out 97.8Mt of outdated production facilities.