The company said in order to weather the global economic downturn, it had focused on operational flexibility and changing the company’s overall priority from as much production as possible to reducing costs.
With steelmaking production worldwide suffering massive declines, Vale’s metallurgical coal production was weak compared to both last quarter and the March quarter last year.
Overall metallurgical coal production fell to 511,000 tonnes, down 27% from the three months to December 31 and 21% lower than the same period in 2008.
Thermal coal production, however, strengthened as Vale changed its product mix to reflect customer demand – overall production came to 439,000t, up 37% from the last quarter of 2008.
At Integra in New South Wales, overall production was down 6.5% against the same quarter of 2008.
Integra has both a longwall mine, which produces semi-hard coking coal, and an open cut mine, which can produce both semi-soft coking coals and thermal coal, meaning thermal production from the open cut could be increased, while metallurgical coal levels were reduced.
Production at Carborough Downs improved by 5% year-on-year, while Broadlea produced a total of 165,000t, up some 56% year-on-year.
The company faced the deepest cuts in iron ore production, which fell by a whopping 37.1% year-on-year to 46.9 million tonnes for the quarter, down from 74.5Mt in the 2008 March quarter.
Vale said it had been required to implement this deep cutback in production in response to the “dramatic contraction of steel output in the Americas and Europe, sharper than in other regions of the world”
The Brazilian miner said steel production in Europe dropped in the first quarter of 2009 by 43.8% year-on-year, in North America by 52.1% and in Brazil by 42.1%, while in Asia the decrease was much milder, at only 8.9%.
The Americas and Europe represented 47.5% of Vale’s iron ore sales in 2008.