Win on appeal for Navajo coal mine

THE US Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals dismissed an earlier court ruling that halted operations from Area IV North on Navajo Transitional Energy Company’s Navajo coal mine last year, costing it and the Navajo Nation approximately $US2 million while Area IV was inoperable.
Win on appeal for Navajo coal mine Win on appeal for Navajo coal mine Win on appeal for Navajo coal mine Win on appeal for Navajo coal mine Win on appeal for Navajo coal mine


Lou Caruana

In a 3-0 panel decision, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals agreed with Navajo Transitional Energy Company, the Navajo Nation’s wholly-owned coal company, that the District Court’s opinions and orders in Dine CARE v. Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement ruling in favor of environmentalist groups, should all be vacated and the case dismissed.

“NTEC is very pleased with this outcome on appeal. As a company of a sovereign nation, we can continue doing work to secure Navajo Nation’s self determined future,” NTEC CEO Clark Moseley said. “The unfortunate decision of the Colorado District Court last year is no longer on the books, and NTEC can now move on with its operations on behalf of the Navajo Nation.”

The vacating of the District Court’s decision by the Court of Appeals means that the District Court’s decisions are no longer binding on the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) and cannot be used as persuasive authority in future challenges to OSMRE permitting decisions.

In March of 2015, NTEC filed its appeal after the federal District Court for the District of Colorado ruled that the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE), the federal agency that oversees coal mines, violated the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) because OSMRE did not analyze the burning of coal at the Four Corners Power Plant, as indirect effects under NEPA, in its approval of an 830 acre mine plan revision at the Navajo Mine in 2012.

Following that decision, in April of 2015, the District Court effectively shut down mining in Area IV North of Navajo Mine, the center of NTEC’s mining operations, even though the unrebutted record before the court demonstrated that the injunction would likely cost NTEC, and ultimately the Navajo Nation as its owner, as much as $400,000 per month while operations were curtailed and would increase risks for Navajo workers at the mine, all for no environmental benefit.

Judge Paul J. Kelly, Jr., writing for the Court of Appeals, declined to find that the Court of Appeals lacked jurisdiction under the so-called “administrative remand rule”, as urged by the environmental plaintiffs, and which would have left the District Court’s decisions intact.

NTEC argued that the case had instead become constitutionally moot while on appeal by OSMRE’s compliance with the District Court’s orders on remand, and that out of fairness the District Court’s erroneous decisions should not be left on the books to potentially impact NTEC’s future mining operations.

During the closure, Navajo Mine operations moved to seven days a week to provide the coal needed at Four Corners Power Plant.

“I want to thank all the Navajo Mine workers for demonstrating Navajo resiliency by adapting to conditions to ensure we continued to meet our obligations to Four Corners Power Plant,” Moseley said.

The Navajo Nation, through NTEC, purchased the Navajo Mine in 2013 in order to ensure continued operations of the mine and its only customer the Four Corners Power Plant.