India to ramp up clean coal capacity

NEW analysis from London-based research and consulting firm GlobalData has revealed that India will add over 100 gigawatts of clean coal capacity between 2016 and 2025.

Anthony Barich

India’s clean coal capacity is expected to increase by about 103 gigawatts between 2016 and 2025, as the country seeks to meet its electricity demand, according to GlobalData’s new report Clean coal technologies, update 2014 – global market size, trends, regulations and key country analysis to 2025, issued this week.

GlobalData’s report states that while India’s clean coal installations are in the nascent stages, many recent ultra-mega power projects have adopted supercritical (SC) technology, while future SC and ultra-supercritical installations will drive capacity additions over the forecast period.

Sowmyavadhana Srinivasan, GlobalData’s senior analyst covering power, said India’s increasing population and industrialization, improved standard of living, and robust economic growth are all pushing up its demand for electricity.

Between 2013 and 2014, India experienced a deficit of 4.5% in terms of the electricity supply available to fulfil peak demand, Srinivasan said.

“The country is not fully electrified and is subject to a large number of power cuts and power reliability uncertainties. In order to resolve this, India urgently requires many new installations, with coal a significant contributor,” Srinivasan added.

Coal was the leading source of power generation in India with 160GW in 2014, accounting for 59% of installed capacity. This is expected to almost double by 2025, according to GlobalData.

However, Srinivasan warned that growth in India’s clean coal market could be limited by fluctuations in the international coal market and the domestic government’s increased emphasis on the use of cleaner fuels for power generation.

“India has a policy that most mega power plants have to secure coal imports internationally. This means that if there is a shift in the international coal community, it will affect the coal power plants in India, which adds to the risks involved with setting them up,” the analyst said.

“Furthermore, under the National Action Plan on Climate Change, India aims to generate 15% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020.

“As a consequence, alternative energy sources, such as wind and solar power, may impact the adoption of clean coal technologies.”

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