Rare earths the new wave

RARE earths are the new black in the resource world and a simmering trade war between the US and China has propelled the suite of 17 elements into the spotlight.

 Johnston, Austin, Lacaze and Roocke on stage

Johnston, Austin, Lacaze and Roocke on stage

Lynas Corporation CEO and managing director Amanda Lacaze said there was a huge geopolitical issue arising from that trade war because China decided 25 years ago to take the lead in rare earths.

She said Deng Xiaoping famously said the Middle East had oil but China had rare earths.

"China thinks, in terms of policy, in generations, not parliamentary terms," Lacaze said.

"Right now Lynas is the only scale miner and processor of rare earths outside of China, which puts us in a very special position."

Lacaze said China planned to stop all exports of rare earths by 2025 - except in value-added form, which is either a motor or a car.

"The west has been on a heroin drip of cheap components from China for a very long time and this has exposed our supply chains," she said.

Lacaze said China was a real challenger to Lynas' plans and its strategy was very threatening.

However, in her opinion Mt Weld was the best resource in the world and given Lynas' secured lender was the Japanese Government the company is confident and quite secure.

She said if you run your business well the money would be there, otherwise they would run a mile from you.

Lacaze told Australia's Mining Monthly she did not think Malaysia would get caught up in the US-China rare earths stand-off.

"I don't think so, there's a real resolve in the White House to reshape things," she said.

Lacaze said there was a lot of Japanese, Chinese and US investment in Malaysia, however, Malaysia was deft at keeping all sides happy.

She said Austin, Roocke and Johnston all agreed that when it comes to rare earths China had low labour costs, the US had scale but Australia had the smarts.

Lacaze was part of a panel speaking at the Western Australian Mining Club yesterday alongside Tronox managing director Russ Austin, Minerals Research Institute of WA CEO Nicole Roocke and WA Mines and Petroleum Minister Bill Johnston.

Johnston said WA was good at mining not because it was good at quarrying but rather because it was good at applying technology.

Using iron ore as an example, he said there was more value in getting it to the steel mill than turning it into steel.

"With value-adding it's got to be the bit that actually makes the money," he said.

"Clearly Rio, BHP and FMG are getting it right."

However, WA has had a chequered history when it comes to downstream processing, particularly in the iron ore field. The failure of BHP's Boodarie hot briquetted iron plant is testament to that. Rio Tinto's HiSmelt plant fared better, however, the miner still chose to offload the technology.

Roocke said WA already had downstream processing so the state was not starting from scratch, with Tronox one of the success stories.

Austin said Tronox had been mining titanium dioxide feedstock for more than 30 years at the Cooljarloo mine north of Perth, and wanted to be in WA or at least Australia for at least 30 more.

He said Tronox was looking at two other deposits in WA - at Wonnerup and Dongara - and a site on the east coast in the Murray Basin.

This site is part of the assets of the National Titanium Dioxide Company, or Cristal, the company acquired by Tronox last month.

Roocke said the state had always had its naysayers and had historically been expensive, however, there had been some changes, with the government making a call for action to stimulate economic development in this area.

She said there were many reasons why downstream minerals processing could not be done, but those were being challenged.

A growing series of reports, each focused on a key discussion point for the mining sector, brought to you by the Mining Monthly Intelligence team.

A growing series of reports, each focused on a key discussion point for the mining sector, brought to you by the Mining Monthly Intelligence team.


Mining Magazine Intelligence Future Fleets Report 2024

The report paints a picture of the equipment landscape and includes detailed profiles of mines that are employing these fleets


Mining Magazine Intelligence Digitalisation Report 2023

An in-depth review of operations that use digitalisation technology to drive improvements across all areas of mining production


Mining Magazine Intelligence Automation Report 2023

An in-depth review of operations using autonomous solutions in every region and sector, including analysis of the factors driving investment decisions


Mining Magazine Intelligence Exploration Report 2023 (feat. Opaxe data)

A comprehensive review of current exploration rates, trending exploration technologies, a ranking of top drill intercepts and a catalogue of 2022 Initial Resource Estimates and recent discovery successes.